The production process of wooden tiles involves several stages, including material preparation, pressing, glazing, firing, and quality control. Here is a detailed description of the operation guidance for each stage:
- Raw Materials: The production of wooden tiles starts with selecting high-quality ceramic or porcelain materials. These materials should have the necessary characteristics to mimic the appearance of wood, such as the right color, texture, and grain pattern.
- Mixing: The selected materials are mixed in the appropriate proportions to create a homogeneous mixture. This mixture may include clay, feldspar, silica, color pigments, and other additives that enhance the desired wood-like characteristics.
- Grinding: The mixture is then finely ground to achieve a smooth and consistent texture. This grinding process ensures that the particles are well-distributed and helps to improve the overall quality of the tiles.
- Tile Formation: The prepared mixture is fed into a hydraulic press machine. The machine applies high pressure to the mixture to form compact tiles of the desired size and thickness. The pressing process ensures that the tiles have a uniform density and strength.
- Glaze Application: Once the tiles are pressed, they are moved to the glazing area. Here, a layer of glaze is applied to the surface of the tiles. The glaze is a liquid mixture composed of minerals, color pigments, and other additives. It is carefully applied to achieve the desired wood-like appearance, including the color, texture, and grain pattern.
- Drying: After the glaze is applied, the tiles are left to dry. The drying process removes excess moisture from the glaze, allowing it to harden and adhere to the tile surface.
- Kiln Firing: The dried tiles are loaded onto kiln cars and transported into the kiln for firing. The kiln is a high-temperature oven used to cure and strengthen the tiles. During firing, the tiles are subjected to intense heat, reaching temperatures of up to 1200-1300 degrees Celsius. This firing process vitrifies the tiles, transforming them into a hard and durable material.
- Cooling: After firing, the tiles are gradually cooled down inside the kiln to prevent cracking or damage. Controlled cooling helps to stabilize the structure of the tiles and ensures their dimensional stability.
- Inspection: Once the tiles have cooled, they undergo a thorough inspection. This involves visual examination to check for any defects, such as cracks, chips, or glaze imperfections. The tiles are also measured for dimensional accuracy and thickness consistency.
- Sorting: After inspection, the tiles are sorted based on their quality and appearance. This ensures that only tiles meeting the desired standards are packaged and sent for distribution.
- Packaging: The final step involves packaging the tiles in appropriate quantities and protecting them against breakage or damage during transportation. The tiles may be stacked and wrapped securely in plastic or other suitable packaging materials.
Throughout the production process, strict quality control measures are implemented to ensure that the wooden tiles meet the desired specifications and aesthetic requirements. This includes regular testing of the raw materials, monitoring the pressing and glazing processes, and conducting thorough inspections at various stages. The guidance provided in each operation helps to ensure the efficient and consistent production of high-quality wooden tiles.